About Mongolia

MONGOLIA - One of the world’s greatest Adventure Travel Destinations.

Mongolia is a country with centuries of rich history, has kept its NOMADIC lifestyle and inherited its unique traditions in line with modern development trends of the World. Explore MONGOLIA’s inimitable nomadic lifestyle, exquisite cultural heritages, fascinating traditions, stunning vast landscape and modern face of the country with Explore ALTAI team.

Basic information of Mongolia


3.3 million (2022)

Area: Total:

1,564,115 sq. km. (603,909 sq. mi.)

Water (%):


Land boundaries:

8,114 km.

Average altutude

1.580 m above sea-level


Vast semi-desert and desert plains, mountains in west and southwest, Gobi Desert in southeast


Continental, with little precipitation and sharp seasonal fluctuations. Average summer temperature +20’C, average winter temperature -26’C, average rainfall 250-300 mm.


95,4% Mongols (predominantly Khalkha); 3.8% Turkic (largest group, Kazakh), 0.8% others.,

Life expectancy:

70 years (2022)


Mongolian (A variety of different dialects of Oirat and Buryat are spoken across the country. In the west of the country, Kazakh and Tuvan, both Turkic languages, are also spoken.)


Buddhist Lamaism 50%, Muslim 4% (primarily in the west), Shamanist and Christian 6%, and none 40%.


Years compulsory-12 (provided free by the government)



Political system:

Parliamentary republic.


State Great Hural (Parliament; 76 members elected in June 2020)


Constitutional Court is empowered to supervise the implementation of the constitution, makes judgment on the violation of its provisions, and solves disputes. Mongolia accepts International Court of Justice jurisdiction.

Administrative subdivisions:

21 Aimags (provinces) and a capital city (Ulaanbaatar); Aimags are subdivided into soums; soums into bags, and a capital city into districts; districts into khoroos.

National currency:

Tugrik (MNT), about MNT 3200=USD 1 in August 2022

Natural resources:

Coal (thermal and metallurgical), copper, molybdenum, silver, iron, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold, uranium, and petroleum.

Fiscal year:

Calendar year. January 1 – December 31


Main entry points:

Chinggis Khan (airport in Ulaanbaatar), Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolia-Russian border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)

Air link:

Moscow, Irkutsk, Ulaan-Ude (Russia)

Berlin, Frankfurt   (Germany)

Beijing, Hong Kong, Huhhot, Erlian, Hailar, Manzhouli (Chi­na)

Seoul (Republic of Korea)

Osaka, Tokyo, Narita (Japan) 

Singapore (Singapore)

Rail link:

Irkutsk, Moscow (Russia) /Trans-Siberian Rail/

Huhhot, Beijing (China) /Trans-Siberian Rail/

Sea access:

Tianjin/China (1,344 km) and Nakhodka/Russia (4,037 km)

Public holidays:

December 31- January 1 - New Year,

3 days in January/February - Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar),

March 8 – Woman’s day, 

June 1  - Mother and Child day,

July 11-13 - National Holiday (Naadam),

November - Chinggis Khaan s Birthday

December 29 – Independence day of Mongolia


Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+8 )


Country code - 976, area code for Ulaan­baatar - 1

Normal working hours:

09.00-13.00 and 14.00-18.00 (with a one-hour lunch break)

Electric current:

220 volts/50 HZ

Weight and measures:

Metric System


Top facts on Mongolia 

Population of 3.39 million (2022) 

Population Density of 2 People per square km 

19th Largest Country in the World by Area, with 1,564,115 square km


One of the Safest Countries to Visit